Jasper Jolly “Dame Linda’s review is the appropriate forum for considering the report in conjunction with a very significant number of other documents and with input from interviews with relevant parties.”The report was written by Lloyds employee Sally Masterton in 2013, at the request of “Sue Harris, Group Audit Director”, the letter said. Hollinrake asked Horta-Osorio to explain earlier statements which appeared to say that Lloyds did not commission the investigation.MPs were sent a copy of the report by Michael Bancroft, one of six serving sentences totalling 47 years in connection with the fraud, the letter said. Kevin Hollinrake, the MP who leads the group, wrote that “the public interest would be served by the report being made available for public scrutiny”.Hollinrake told the House of Commons in May that “senior managers” within Lloyds knew of the fraud before the takeover but took “clear, deliberate and documented action to conceal it”.The publication of the report would likely be another damaging reputational blow to Lloyds. The UK’s largest retail bank is currently awaiting a judgement in a separate shareholder action also related to the HBOS acquisition in which Lloyds is accused of misrepresenting the risks of the purchase.The report was shared with both police and regulators in 2014, although there are concerns that the publication of the report may have legal implications if it breaches the privacy of customers and employees named.A Lloyds spokesperson said: “We have already provided this report to Dame Linda Dobbs, whose independent review will consider whether the issues relating to HBOS Impaired Assets office in Reading were investigated and appropriately reported to authorities at the time by Lloyds Banking Group, following its acquisition of HBOS in 2009. A cross-party group of MPs today said it will publish a report on an alleged cover-up by Lloyds executives of fraud at acquisition target HBOS at the height of the financial crisis.The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Fair Business Banking will put the report in the public domain within seven days of a letter sent yesterday to Lloyds boss Antonio Horta-Osorio. Share The so-called Turnbull Report details the massive fraud perpetrated by former bankers at the HBOS Reading branch, and alleges that senior managers at Lloyds were “aware of the fraud prior to Lloyds’s 2008 takeover of HBOS but action was taken to cover up the fraud”, according to the letter, which has been seen by City A.M.The fraudsters drove multiple small businesses out of business and stripped their assets for their own gain.KPMG has also been asked for a statement to accompany the report’s publication which, the letter alleges, says auditors at the firm “knew that shareholders and investors were being deliberately misled”.However a KPMG spokesperson said: “We strongly refute these allegations, which we believe to have no basis in fact. We have not seen the report in question and had no involvement in its preparation.“We have cooperated fully with the detailed investigations undertaken, including those by the PRA / FCA and the FRC, none of which concluded that our work did not meet the applicable audit standards of the time.” Friday 15 June 2018 3:56 pm MPs to Lloyds Banking Group: ‘We will publish report on HBOS Reading fraud’ Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeweniixTop 5 best grand tourers 2021 – WENIIXweniixUndoHistory 10[Gallery] The 25 Worst Casting Choices of All-TimeHistory 10UndoStealth Angel SurvivalTop 10 Best Emergency KitsStealth Angel SurvivalUndoanymuscle.comDiabetes and kidney failureanymuscle.comUndoWorldLifeStyleMom Sells Baby’s Crib, But Buyer Returns And Tells Her To Look In The TrunkWorldLifeStyleUndo24/7 SportsAll-New: 2021 NFL Mock Draft24/7 SportsUndoRefinance GoldAt 106, She Is Probably The World’s Oldest Living StarRefinance GoldUndoCustomize Watch Gift”To My Husband” Customize Watch GiftCustomize Watch GiftUndoSportlitEasy Hacks That Would Make Your Life EasierSportlitUndo whatsapp whatsapp
whatsapp Germany stands on the edge of falling into recession, as industrial output fell again in July, according to figures released today. There were few signs of any short term recovery, he added, as a global economic slowdown and the US-China trade war hit UK industrial activity too. “Industrial production remain[s] in contraction just a day after factory orders slumped into the second lowest rate of decline seen over the past year.” Read more: Demand proves weak for Germany’s 30-year bonds offering negative yields Read more: Eurozone beats output expectations for August but economy remains weak Wealth boutique Henderson Rowe added that the latest drops build on “recession-like” sector activity data from a fortnight ago. But Mahony warned that further cash injections will deliver diminishing returns. Germany flounders on the brink of recession “[It] further confirms that Europe’s biggest economy is already in cyclical decline,” head of research Artur Baluszynski said. Economic data on factories showed production fell 0.6 per cent in July, better than June’s 1.1 per cent drop but worse than a Reuters poll predicting a rise of 0.3 per cent. “German economic data continues to flounder,” Josh Mahony, a senior market analyst at IG, said. Mario Draghi’s European Central Bank (ECB) stands poised to start a fresh round of quantitative easing in a bid to prop up the Eurozone. “The tricky thing about recessions and how financial markets and investors react to them is that we only know that it happened once we are already in one. We might already be in a global recession we just don’t know it yet.” Friday 6 September 2019 11:32 am whatsapp Share Destatis’ statistics also revealed output declined 4.2 per cent compared to July 2018. Joe Curtis “With rates already rock bottom and the bank having only recently embarked on a bout of QE, we are likely to see diminishing returns from any ECB action,” he said. “Global trade tensions and Brexit have now started feeding through to Eurozone GDP numbers and other lagging indicators. by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeDaily FunnyFemale Athlete Fails You Can’t Look Away FromDaily FunnyFinanceChatterViewers Had To Look Away When This Happened On Live TVFinanceChatterNoteableyJulia Robert’s Daughter Turns 16 And Looks Just Like Her MomNoteableyPast Factory4 Sisters Take The Same Picture For 40 Years. Don’t Cry When You See The Last One!Past Factoryzenherald.comDolly Finally Took Off Her Wig, Fans Gaspedzenherald.comMisterStoryWoman files for divorce after seeing this photoMisterStoryYourDailyLamaHe Used To Be Handsome In 80s Now It’s Hard To Look At HimYourDailyLamabonvoyaged.comThese Celebs Are Complete Jerks In Real Life.bonvoyaged.comPost Fun25 Worst Movies Ever, According To Rotten TomatoesPost Fun More From Our Partners Brave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.com980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.com‘Neighbor from hell’ faces new charges after scaring off home buyersnypost.comSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comMatt Gaetz swindled by ‘malicious actors’ in $155K boat sale boondogglenypost.comUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.comInside Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis’ not-so-average farmhouse estatenypost.comBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.com
James Warrington Coronavirus deaths in England rise by 828 to 6,483 Tags: Coronavirus (AFP via Getty Images) A further 828 coronavirus patients have died in England, taking the total to 6,483. whatsapp The Department of Health and Social Care is expected to publish UK-wide numbers later this afternoon. Earlier today Scotland reported a further 70 deaths from the virus, taking its total to 366. It marks a continuing growth in the daily death toll ahead of the Easter weekend, which health officials have warned could bring the peak of the epidemic in the UK. The figures, released by NHS England, are up from the 758 deaths recorded yesterday. Share Wales’ death toll has risen to 245 after 33 more deaths. Northern Ireland is yet to release its figures for today. by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeBleacherBreaker4 Sisters Take The Same Picture For 40 Years. Don’t Cry When You See The Last One!BleacherBreakerDaily FunnyFemale Athlete Fails You Can’t Look Away FromDaily Funnybonvoyaged.comTotal Jerks: These Stars Are Horrible People.bonvoyaged.comMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryzenherald.comMeghan Markle Changed This Major Detail On Archies Birth Certificatezenherald.comDefinitionThe Funniest Yard Signs EVER WrittenDefinitionJournalistateTeacher Wears Dress Everyday, Mom Sets Up CamJournalistateGloriousaDrone Captures What No One Was Supposed to SeeGloriousaNational Penny For Seniors7 Discounts Seniors Only Get If They AskNational Penny For Seniors Wednesday 8 April 2020 2:18 pm Show Comments ▼ More From Our Partners Native American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.com980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.comUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.comMatt Gaetz swindled by ‘malicious actors’ in $155K boat sale boondogglenypost.com‘Neighbor from hell’ faces new charges after scaring off home buyersnypost.comFeds seized 18 devices from Rudy Giuliani and his employees in April raidnypost.comInside Ashton Kutcher and Mila Kunis’ not-so-average farmhouse estatenypost.comKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comKamala Harris keeps list of reporters who don’t ‘understand’ her: reportnypost.com whatsapp
Crime & Courts | Southcentral | Southeast | State GovernmentLawmakers add funding for public defendersMarch 7, 2018 by Andrew Kitchenman, KTOO and Alaska Public Media Share:Rep. Lance Pruitt, R-Anchorage, speaks during debate in the House Finance Committee in the Alaska State Capitol on Feb. 27. Pruitt opposed adding funding for public defenders. (Photo by Skip Gray/360 North)The Alaska House Finance Committee has approved funding four additional lawyers to work in the Public Defender Agency. They approved the money at a meeting on Monday.Alaska Public Defender Quinlan Steiner said that without more lawyers, his agency would turn down cases.“There’s a principal of ethics that requires a lawyer not to accept a case if they can’t competently handle that case, and not having enough time would be that reason,” Steiner said. “So, we would attempt to refuse cases.”Steiner said if judges agree to those attempts, then it would cost the state more to hire private defense attorneys. Steiner said if judges say no, that would lead to substantial delays to resolve cases.Anchorage independent Rep. Jason Grenn sponsored the amendment to provide $1 million to pay for the four lawyers and one support staff member. He noted that public defenders at the agency have too many cases according to state and national standards.“One example is using the American Bar Association guideline for maximum ethical caseloads,” Grenn said. “It’s about 150 cases per attorney per year. In FY 2018, Public Defender Agency is projected to have 160 cases per year per attorney.”The committee voted 7-4 along caucus lines to approve the amendment.Anchorage Republican Rep. Lance Pruitt opposed the added money. He said the agency could better manage its budget.“I think the problem here is not a money issue. It’s a management issue,” Pruitt said. “How do you deal with the current situation that we’re in? Do you deal with the current situation by adjusting how you deliver your services? I get it. It’s difficult. We don’t have the money right now. But you analyze how you deliver them.”Pruitt proposed firing higher paid lawyers and replacing them with lower cost, less experienced lawyers. But the committee rejected his proposal.Share this story:
Related: Related: Related: Less than a year ago, Zika didn’t seem to be on most of the world’s radar. Oh, what a difference a few months make for an epidemic.If you’re reading this, you probably know what Zika is, how it works in the body (at least what science understands at the moment), and how quickly it’s spread throughout South and Central America (and that it’s now arrived in Florida and is spreading through local transmission).What you probably don’t know is just how fast epidemiologists and vaccine manufacturers are working to create and test a vaccine for Zika. And that DNA vaccines and horses are involved. (Without giving too much away, horse involvement has to do with their susceptibility to West Nile virus.)advertisement Listen: Episode 14: The Chinese hamsters that helped birth biotech @megtirrell Related: Co-host “The Readout LOUD,” CNBC senior health and science reporter Related: Related: Related: Related: Episode 2: For boys with Duchenne, and two drug companies, a moment of shared hope Related: Meg Tirrell Molly Ferguson for STAT Related: Episode 5: How biotech went from a risky investment to a booming business Listen: Episode 7: How much are we willing to pay for cures? Listen: Episode 11: Sexism in biotech, from scantily clad models to how gender affects this podcast Related: The podcast is produced by Jocelyn Gonzales. Related: Listen: Episode 12: Before you pop that Tylenol, tune into this podcast Signal PodcastListen: Episode 15: Can scientists keep pace with Zika to develop a vaccine? Listen: Episode 8: How Wall Street reacts when a patient dies in a clinical trial Listen: Episode 10: Cancer is a low-down, dirty gangster ninja By Meg Tirrell and Luke Timmerman Aug. 24, 2016 Reprints Episode 3: Should we believe published scientific research? About the Authors Reprints Listen: Episode 9: How our perceptions of risk — and killer snails! — affect our health Jump with us into the race to protect humanity from Zika. We’ll figure out whether science, government, and business can ever come together and work fast enough to keep pace with a global pandemics.Subscribe to Signal on iTunes or Stitcher or Google Play. Catch our previous episodes here, or sign up below for alerts.advertisement Related: Episode 1: We are a constellation of our microbiome and ourselves Listen: Episode 13: The superbugs are winning the battle against us Related: Episode 4: A shoppers guide to the genome sequencing market Episode 6: Choosing scientific sides in the fight against Alzheimer’s Tags VaccinesZika Virus
Five Laois monuments to receive almost €200,000 in government funding While the men’s club championship isn’t starting for another couple of weeks, the ladies game in Laois is well underway.A number of rounds have been played in the senior, intermediate and junior championships already.So here, we will take a look at how things stand: By Alan Hartnett – 11th July 2018 Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest Community Charlie Flanagan on Electric Picnic: ‘I’d ask organisers to consult with community leaders’ Twitter Community Previous articleDeaths in Laois – Wednesday, July 11, 2018Next articleUrban Regeneration to bring ‘huge social, economic and environmental benefits’ to Portlaoise Alan HartnettStradbally native Alan Hartnett is a graduate of Knockbeg College who has worked in the local and national media since 2008. Alan has a BA in Economics, Politics and Law and an MA in Journalism from DCU. His happiest moment was when Jody Dillon scored THAT goal in the Laois senior football final in 2016. RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Home Sport GAA Where Things Stand: A look at the Ladies club championship in Laois SportGAALadies Football Pinterest Twitter Ten Laois based players named on Leinster rugby U-18 girls squad Facebook TAGSLaois Ladies Football WhatsApp SENIORSarsfields are going for their sixth Laois senior title in a row and the Mountmellick club have made a blistering start.They are in a group with newly promoted Park-Ratheniska and Portlaoise – and have won both matches to qualify for their 16th straight semi final.Portlaoise must now play Park-Ratheniska on either August 8 or 15 in the final group game with the winners advancing to the semi final while the losers will be in the relegation playoff.Meanwhile, the other group is still open with one game to play. Timahoe defeat St Brigid’s in Round 1 but they were then beaten by St Conleth’s at the weekend.St Conleth’s play St Brigid’s next on either August 8 or 15 and if they avoid defeat, they and Timahoe will advance to the semi finals with St Brigid’s heading for the relegation decider. Rugby IntermediateThe Intermediate grade contains just four teams and they will each play once before all advancing to the semi finals.Here, first place will play fourth and second will face the team that finishes third in the group.The first round took place in May with Shanahoe defeating Ballyroan and Graiguecullen edging out St Joseph’s.The second round of games took place at the weekend where favourites Shanahoe recorded a big 8-12 to 4-5 win over newly promoted St Joseph’s.In the other game, Graiguecullen and Ballyroan played out a thrilling 3-13 each draw.The final round takes place on either August 8 or 15 and will see Shanahoe host Graiguecullen and St Joseph’s travel to Ballyroan.JUNIORThe junior championship contains six teams who are split into two groups.And it also began at the weekend with two teams recording big wins.Clonaslee saw off The Heath by 11-16 to 2-5 and have put themselves in pole position to reach the semi finals in a group which also contains Sarsfields second team.The remaining games will see Sarsfields take on Clonaslee before then facing The Heath.Meanwhile, St Paul’s defeated St Brigid’s second team by 10-15 to 2-3 in a group that also contains defeated finalists from last year Ballyfin.The remaining games here see Ballyfin take on St Brigid’s and then st Paul’s.SEE ALSO – Major jobs boost as security firm to open Irish headquarters in Portlaoise Where Things Stand: A look at the Ladies club championship in Laois
Service NSW to assist in vaccine push The PremierThe Service NSW app is the latest tool to be used in the NSW Government’s push to rollout the COVID-19 vaccine as quickly and as safely as possible.From today people aged 40-49 will be able to register their interest for the vaccine directly on the Service NSW app, with other age groups to follow when it is their turn.People who register will be contacted to book via email when appointments become available.These invitations can be targeted by location depending on booking availability and supply of the vaccine in their local area.Those aged 50 and over should visit nsw.gov.au to book their AstraZeneca vaccine now.Premier Gladys Berejiklian said the Service NSW app is used by five million people across NSW.“The Service NSW app has been a game changer during the pandemic and will now play an important part in our vaccine rollout,” Ms Berejiklian said.“It will now be even easier to register your interest for the COVID-19 vaccine.”Minister for Digital and Minister for Customer Service Victor Dominello said this is another example of the NSW Government using technology to strengthen our state’s response to the pandemic.“In a pandemic you need to respond with speed and accuracy and the Service NSW technology will bring millions of customers a step closer to receiving the vaccine,” Mr Dominello said. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:Australia, Berejiklian, covid-19, digital, email, Game, Gladys, Gladys Berejiklian, Government, Minister, New South Wales, NSW, pandemic, Premier, Service NSW, technology, vaccine, visit
COMMENTSSHARE YOUR THOUGHTS Dashboard Danger: What you need to know about Takata PlayThe Rolls-Royce Boat Tail may be the most expensive new car everPlay3 common new car problems (and how to prevent them) | Maintenance Advice | Driving.caPlayFinal 5 Minivan Contenders | Driving.caPlay2021 Volvo XC90 Recharge | Ministry of Interior Affairs | Driving.caPlayThe 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning is a new take on Canada’s fave truck | Driving.caPlayBuying a used Toyota Tundra? Check these 5 things first | Used Truck Advice | Driving.caPlayCanada’s most efficient trucks in 2021 | Driving.caPlay3 ways to make night driving safer and more comfortable | Advice | Driving.caPlayDriving into the Future: Sustainability and Innovation in tomorrow’s cars | Driving.ca virtual panelPlayThese spy shots get us an early glimpse of some future models | Driving.ca Trending in Canada ‹ Previous Next › Takata has said it’s cooperating fully with a criminal investigation by the U.S. Justice Department. The company is negotiating with prosecutors to resolve allegations of criminal wrongdoing, the Wall Street Journal reported Wednesday. The newspaper said prosecutors haven’t discussed a specific charge and any penalty hasn’t been determined. A Takata representative in Tokyo declined to comment.RELATED The Rolls-Royce Boat Tail may be the most expensive new car ever RELATED TAGSSafety and MaintenanceMaintenanceNew VehiclesAsiaAutomotive SafetyAutomotive TechnologyEast AsiaHonda Motor Co. Ltd.JapanMalaysiaScience and TechnologySoutheast AsiaTechnologyThe Wall Street JournalTokyoU.S. Department of Justice See More Videos Buy It! Princess Diana’s humble little 1981 Ford Escort is up for auction An engagement gift from Prince Charles, the car is being sold by a Princess Di “superfan” We encourage all readers to share their views on our articles using Facebook commenting Visit our FAQ page for more information. Trending Videos Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2 A deployed airbag is seen in a 2001 Honda Accord. The largest automotive recall in history centres around the defective Takata airbags that are found in millions of vehicles manufactured by BMW, Chrysler, Daimler Trucks, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Subaru and Toyota. Getty advertisement Honda said a driver died after a Takata airbag ruptured during a crash last week in Malaysia, lifting the number of fatalities tied to the devices to at least 16 worldwide.The driver‘s 2009 Honda City had been recalled in July 2015 and a repair was never completed, Honda’s Malaysia unit said in an emailed statement. Honda confirmed the airbag ruptured with police, though an official cause of death hasn’t been determined, the company said.The death was the fourth in Malaysia this year involving Takata airbags built with inflators prone to spraying metal and plastic shards at vehicle occupants. The Tokyo-based supplier of auto safety devices is seeking buyers amid global recalls that could exceed 100 million airbags, the biggest safety crisis in the industry’s history.
Students From Around The World To Gather At CU For Experiment Tests Prior To July Space Shuttle LaunchBy admin on June 14, 2021
Published: April 21, 2002 Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Middle school and high school students from around the world will meet at the University of Colorado at Boulder April 24 to April 28 for simulation tests of experiments that will ride on NASA’s space shuttle Columbia July 19. The seven-person Columbia flight crew will include CU-Boulder aerospace engineering graduate Kalpana Chawla, who is making her second space shuttle flight. Chawla, who received her doctorate in 1988 from CU-Boulder and flew on Columbia in 1997, will help operate the student experiments in orbit. The NASA mission is scheduled for 16 days. Chawla is one of 15 CU-Boulder alumni who have flown in space. Thirty students from Australia, China, Israel, Japan, Lichtenstein and the United States will be working at CU-Boulder’s BioServe Space Technologies Center for the late April “dress rehearsal.” A NASA center founded in 1987, BioServe is headquartered in the engineering college’s aerospace engineering sciences department with the goal of supporting the commercialization of space. The student experiments are sponsored by SPACEHAB, a private corporation headquartered in Washington, D.C. SPACEHAB develops, owns and operates commercial space flight equipment, including lab modules and cargo carriers for use in orbit. The hardware for the upcoming Columbia student experiments was built by BioServe engineers, who have designed instruments and flown payloads on 17 space shuttle missions, two international space station missions and two of Russia’s Mir space station missions, said Bioserve Director Louis Stodieck. The Australian payload consists of a spider experiment to see if the arachnids spin different webs in microgravity compared to their handiwork on Earth. The students hope to find how the shape and physical properties of the web silk may differ from webs spun on Earth. A payload created by Israeli students involves a “chemical garden” of crystalline fibers in an aqueous solution to see if the fibers grow differently in space, said Stodieck, an associate research professor in aerospace engineering. Students from Lichtenstein will be studying the behavior of carpenter bees in space, he said. The students are using balsa wood as a medium to see if the bees exhibit different eating, drilling and social behavior in microgravity than they do on Earth. A payload containing ants was developed by students from New York. The students have hypothesized the ants will tunnel at a slower rate in space. A colored gel in the ant payload will provide the student team with a way to track the insects’ progress. The gel also provides the ants with food and water. Chinese students have devised an experiment to see if silkworm larvae develop differently in space. They have hypothesized the larvae will develop differently due to microgravity, or indirect effects like altered eating habits or other behavioral changes. A group of Japanese students have developed a self-contained aquatic habitat that includes medaka fish. They hope to determine if the young medaka fish will develop faster in a low-gravity environment, possibly due to a lower expenditure of energy. Known as the Space Technology and Research Students, or STARS, the SPACEHAB project ultimately will involve thousands of students from around the world who will be monitoring the experiments located in the shuttle’s spacehab module via the via the Internet, said Stodieck. “SPACEHAB has had a great deal of success regarding its space efforts in the past,” said Stodieck. “Their management recognized our long experience with life sciences hardware and experiments in space in selecting us for the STARS program, and we are pleased to be a part of this educational venture.”
CU Study Shows Novel Structure In South Pacific Plant May Be 'Missing Link' In Evolution Of Flowering PlantsBy admin on
Published: May 16, 2006 Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail A new University of Colorado at Boulder study involving a “living fossil plant” that has survived on Earth for 130 million years suggests its novel reproductive structure may be a “missing link” between flowering plants and their ancestors. The Amborella plant, found in the rain forests of New Caledonia in the South Pacific, has a unique way of forming eggs that may represent a critical link between the remarkably diverse flowering plants, known as angiosperms, and their yet-to-be-identified extinct ancestors, said CU-Boulder Professor William “Ned” Friedman. Angiosperms are thought to have diverged from gymnosperms — the dominant land plants when dinosaurs reigned in the Cretaceous and Jurassic periods — roughly 130 million years ago and have become the dominant plants on Earth today. “One of the biggest challenges for evolutionary biologists is understanding how these flowering plants arose on Earth,” said Friedman, a professor in CU-Boulder’s ecology and evolutionary biology department, whose study appears in the May 18 issue of Nature. “The study shows that the structure that houses the egg in Amborella is different from every other flowering plant known, and may be the potential missing link between flowering plants and their progenitors.” In basic terms, Amborella has one extra sterile cell that accompanies the egg cell in the female part of its reproductive apparatus known as the embryo sac, according to the study. The discovery of the unique configuration of the egg apparatus, which is thought to be a relic of intense evolutionary activity in early angiosperm history, “is akin to finding a fossil amphibian with an extra leg,” according to a May 18 Nature perspective piece accompanying Friedman’s article. The novel embryo sac described in Nature is the first new type of egg-bearing apparatus to be discovered in flowering plants in more than 50 years, according to Friedman. “The unique four-celled egg apparatus in Amborella could represent a critical link between angiosperms and gymnosperms,” he wrote in Nature. The study was funded by the National Science Foundation. The origin and evolution of flowering plants has long confounded scientists, he said. Nearly 130 years ago, Charles Darwin, known for developing the theory of natural selection, called the appearance of flowering plants “an abominable mystery.” The surprising new finding suggests flowering plants may have arisen on Earth during a time when plant evolution was “particularly flexible,” Friedman said. The peculiar egg-forming structure seen in Amborella may eventually link the odd South Pacific shrub to gymnosperms such as conifers, said Friedman. “We associate this structure with a relatively primitive reproductive process,” he said. Amborella is a small shrub with tiny greenish-yellow flowers and red fruit that grows only in the understory of New Caledonia rain forests. Amborella plants are unisexual, meaning they will produce either all male or all female flowers. Cross-pollination between plants is required for fruit production. Plants used in the study were from both New Caledonia and from specimens cultivated in a CU-Boulder greenhouse. Friedman used a combination of laser, fluorescence and electron microscope techniques during the study. “My research and teaching go hand in hand, and this is the kind of science that goes directly into the classroom,” said Friedman, who oversees the work of six CU-Boulder undergraduates and graduate students. “The kinds of discoveries we make in the lab have a profound effect on the material taught in my courses.” Friedman, who also is a co-investigator at CU-Boulder’s Astrobiology Center, directs several NSF-funded research efforts. He is the chief scientist for NSF’s Molecular and Organismic Research in Plant History, or MORPH project that supports training opportunities around the country for students, postdoctoral fellows and early career professionals. MORPH focuses on the diversification of plant forms on Earth over the past 500 million years.