0Shares0000Germany World Cup winner Sami Khedira has moved from Real Madrid to JuventusMILAN, June 9- German international midfielder Sami Khedira is to leave Real Madrid for defeated European Cup finalists Juventus, the Italian club announced Tuesday.The 28-year-old has signed a four-year contract with the Italian champions which expires on June 30, 2019. The Stuttgart-born Khedira had been at Real Madrid since the summer of 2010, and has achieved success in La Liga, the Copa del Rey (twice), the Spanish Super Cup, the UEFA Super Cup, the Champions League and the Club World Cup.Barcelona defeated Juventus 3-1 in the Champions League final last Saturday in Berlin.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
6 Blaise Matuidi (Paris Saint-Germain) – Currently, the Frenchman is starring at Euro 2016. He may not be at his best at the tournament but plenty of teams are courting him, including Chelsea and Manchester United. Matuidi, according to Le Parisien, hasnt had any offers just yet though, and will only consider bids from those two sides, along with Arsenal, Man City and Tottenham. Arsene Wenger may be worried about the effect of Brexit on the English game but he isn’t altering his transfer plans just yet.The Frenchman harbours concerns the United Kingdom leaving the European Union could damage the Premier League’s standing in the future and it’s ability to attract top talent.But before Brexit can fully take hold, Wenger is still plotting plenty of movements in the transfer market, as Arsenal look to better last season’s second place finish and win their first title since 2004.So, who are Arsenal looking to sign at the moment? Click the right arrow above to find out… 6 Alvaro Morata (Real Madrid) – The Evening Standard, though, believes Arsenal will only move for Lacazette if their attempt to land Morata fails. The Spanish stars return to his homeland has been confirmed with Real spending £23m to activate his buy-back clause at Juventus. But he is set to move on again, the sticking point appears to be a whopping £57m price tag, which is putting off the Gunners and Chelsea. Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund) – The Gunners dim hopes of landing the lightning quick Gabonese star seem all but over as Diego Simeone expresses interest in taking the striker to Atletico Madrid, according to Die Western. LaLiga side Atletico will look at Aubameyang if they fail to re-sign Diego Costa from Chelsea. 6 6 6 6 Julian Draxler (Wolfsburg) – German international Draxler, 22, is a wanted man this summer as he stars at Euro 2016, with a goal and an assist in four appearances. With his Bundesliga side failing to earn a Champions League spot, he may well wish to move on after just one season with the club and France Football believe Manchester United, Arsenal and Liverpool are all keeping tabs on his availability. Alexandre Lacazette (Lyon) – Read all about Arsenal’s move for the prolific Ligue 1 striker, below, then click the right arrow above for more Arsenal transfer news… – He may not have made Frances Euro 2016 squad, but the striker is still hot property this summer. Several English clubs harbour an interest in the player, including West Ham, who have seen bids knocked back. Arsenal are keen on Lacazette too and are pondering a bid, although it could cost them around £35m, according to the Daily Telegraph. Jeison Murillo (Inter Milan) – With the Italian side looking at the possibility of adding Ezequiel Garay to their ranks, Colombian star Murillo could soon exit the San Siro. If he does, Arsenal and Bayern Munich are in pole position for the defender, according to Gazzetta della Sport.
PALMDALE – More than 50 people carrying American flags and signs that read “Stop illegal immigration” demonstrated Saturday at an intersection where a young Palmdale man was fatally injured in a crash blamed on an unlicensed, uninsured undocumented immigrant who tried to walk away after the collision. The protesters said local government officials should do more to deter illegal immigration, including turning over to federal authorities undocumented immigrants who have been arrested on suspicion of drunken driving and similar crimes rather than releasing them to await trial. “If they release drunk illegal-alien drivers after they sober up, they’re setting us up for more deaths of American citizens,” said Frank Jorge, founder of the Antelope Valley Independent Minutemen, which organized Saturday’s demonstration. With songs such as Bruce Springsteen’s “Born in the USA” and the Eagles’ “Lying Eyes” playing on loudspeakers, the demonstrators stood along 10th Street West at Avenue O, beside a memorial cross and candles for 20-year-old Tyler Lundin of Palmdale. Passing motorists honked and waved. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESurfer attacked by shark near Channel Islands calls rescue a ‘Christmas miracle’“It’s been overwhelmingly positive,” Jorge said of the response from passers-by. “I don’t think I’ve seen anybody give us a thumbs-down or a middle finger.” Lundin died four days after an Oct.22 crash in which his pickup truck collided with a compact car that turned left in front of it. The car’s two occupants tried to walk away after the crash, but they were caught and detained by several people who witnessed the crash, sheriff’s deputies said. Wilfredo Briswela, 22, of Rosamond, who prosecutors said is an unlicensed, uninsured, undocumented immigrant, has been charged with vehicular manslaughter, punishable by up to a year in jail, and felony hit-and-run, punishable by up to four years in prison. He’s in jail in lieu of $100,000 bail awaiting trial. Littlerock resident Susan Zaks stood beside Lundin’s roadside memorial with a hand-lettered sign reading, “The cost of illegals.” She said she is not against immigrants – her father and his parents came to the United States from England, her mother’s parents from Russia and her husband from Israel – but wants immigrants to comply with U.S. immigration laws. “I want everyone coming in the front door, just like my father, my grandparents and my husband did,” Zaks said. By federal law, immigrants – legal or illegal – are deported after they serve their sentences for serious crimes including murder, robbery, child molestation and some thefts. But Los Angeles County sheriff’s officials said they do not routinely check the immigration status of people arrested for misdemeanors or cited for offenses such as driving without a license, though they routinely impound vehicles driven by people without licenses. Jorge, a Mojave resident, said the Antelope Valley Independent Minutemen was founded to try other tactics not used by the nationally known Minuteman Project, whose members have staked out border crossings used by people entering the United States illegally. The group’s first demonstration was in September at east Palmdale’s Four Points intersection, where they protested loitering by day laborers whom they presumed to be mostly, if not entirely, undocumented immigrants. They also protested the September 2005 death of off-duty paramedic Michael Sprinkles, whose motorcycle was hit by a compact car driven by an undocumented immigrant who had been deported in 1999 for crimes committed in the United States and had a driver’s license under one of his many assumed names. The group’s members have also appeared before the Lancaster and Palmdale city councils, and Jorge said he thinks their pressure is responsible for a Lancaster decision to reject Mexican matricular consular cards as identification for city business, and for Palmdale officials’ consideration of requiring companies with city contracts to verify they are not employing people who are in the United States illegally. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Swain County High School senior Heather Whitt, who participates in Southwestern Community College’s Upward Bound program, is a QuestBridge CollegeMatch Finalist.The QuestBridge program connects high-achieving, deserving students with full scholarships at select colleges and universities. Out of 13,264 applications, 4,895 students were selected as finalists based on academic, financial and extracurricular credentials.This year’s recipients will be announced in December. Each recipient will receive a guaranteed full, four-year scholarship worth more than $200,000 to one of 36 partner colleges including Columbia, MIT and Stanford.To be eligible for the scholarship, Whitt submitted an application that included academic, extracurricular and personal info as well as two teacher recommendations, two essays, a secondary school report, transcripts and test scores.“We are extremely proud of Heather for being named a finalist for this prestigious honor,” said Annette Kesgen, director of the Upward Bound program at SCC. “She’s an exceptional student. We would be thrilled if she receives a full-tuition scholarship to one of these institutions, but we know she will be successful in life because she is driven to reach her goals.”For more information about SCC’s Upward Bound program, contact Kesgenatakesgen@southwesterncc.edu or 828.339.4281.
Columbus Catholic boys basketball edges Neillsville in battle of second-place teams in Cloverbelt EastBy admin on December 20, 2019
By Paul LeckerSports ReporterMARSHFIELD — Sophomore Hunter Schultz scored 17 points to lead three players in double figures and lift the Marshfield Columbus Catholic boys basketball team to a 59-57 victory over Neillsville in Cloverbelt Conference East Division action Monday night at Columbus Catholic High School.The win was a big one for the Dons as they search for their fourth Cloverbelt East championship in six seasons.Columbus Catholic improves to 8-4 overall and 7-1 in the Cloverbelt East after winning its fifth-straight game. The Dons are just behind first-place Spencer, which is 6-0 in the conference standings. Columbus hosts Spencer in a showdown Thursday night at 7:30 p.m.Neillsville falls out of a tie with Columbus and is now 6-3 overall and 6-2 in the conference.Evan Nikolai and Tyler Fuerlinger each added 10 points in the win for the Dons.Columbus Catholic led 33-27 at halftime before Neillsville closed the gap to 41-40 after three quarters. The Dons were able to hold on by outscoring Neillsville 18-17 in the fourth quarter.Neal Matson had 18 points to top Neillsville.(Hub City Times Sports Reporter Paul Lecker is also the publisher of MarshfieldAreaSports.com.)Dons 59, Warriors 57Neillsville 15 12 13 17 – 57Columbus Catholic 20 13 8 18 – 59NEILLSVILLE (57): Michael Dux 10, Jake Kunze 5, Josh Opelt 0, Sam Neville 10, Derek Krejci 0, Nathan Peterson 12, Neal Matson 18, Jason Kurth 0, Nolan Matson 2. Record: 6-3, 6-2 Cloverbelt East.COLUMBUS CATHOLIC (59): Billy Young 6, Christian Payant 6, Ben Behling 8, Ryan Dieringer 0, Evan Nikolai 10, Hunter Schultz 17, Tyler Fuerlinger 10, Brett Loveland 2. Record: 8-4, 7-1 Cloverbelt East.
27 June 2014 South Africa’s new immigration regulations are being scrutinised by the Department of Tourism to ensure that they do not negatively influence tourist arrivals, Tourism Minister Derek Hanekom said in a statement on Wednesday. The department had received representations from tourism stakeholders on the possible “unintended consequences” of some of the provisions brought into effect by the new Immigration Act signed into law on 2 June, the minister said. Hanekom said that while the regulation of immigration matters was the constitutional responsibility of the Department of Home Affairs, “any matter that could have a detrimental impact on international tourist arrivals” to South Africa was a concern. Industry representatives say they are concerned about two specific provisions in the new regulations: the requirement for minors to travel with unabridged birth certificates, and the collection of biometric data (fingerprints and photographs) – which must be done in person at visa offices. Industry stakeholders told Hanekom they believed these measures could influence the competitiveness of South Africa as a tourism destination. Hanekom acknowledged that while the new regulations reflected South Africa’s commitment to combating child trafficking, that the prospect of “unforeseen and unintended negative consequences” should be taken seriously. “Like many other destinations, we have a dual imperative: we have to combat child trafficking by aligning our approach to global efforts, while limiting damage to our competitiveness as a tourism destination.” The minister said his department and industry stakeholders were studying global best practice on these broader policy challenges as well as on the practicalities of implementing such measures. Officials from the Department of Tourism were in “urgent discussions” with their counterparts in Home Affairs to clarify any misperceptions and to find appropriate solutions. Hanekom said he would meet Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba to follow up on these discussions if required. “I want to assure our trade partners and other industry stakeholders that as government, we understand the value of travel and tourism, which has grown so impressively over the past few years. “We will carefully consider any negative impacts of well-intentioned measures on international tourist arrivals and the attractiveness of our destination.” Source: SAnews.gov.za
All Nippon Airways has confirmed it will start a daily Tokyo to Perth service from September 1 with a Boeing 787.Yesterday Western Australian Tourism Minister Paul Papalia told AirlineRatings.com that “securing a direct air link between Perth and Tokyo is a massive win for the State, which will bring more Japanese visitors to WA and help us grow this important market.”Boeing studies show that when a new direct service is introduced traffic triples.Over three years it is estimated the new service will bring about 76,000 new visitors from Japan to Perth, providing an A$175 million boost to the State’s economy and creating hundreds of new jobs.The deal was secured after Mr. Papalia, together with representatives from Tourism WA, Tourism Australia and Perth Airport, traveled to Japan late last year to pitch for a direct flight.ANA executives visited Perth in August to cement the deal.Seiichi Takahashi, senior VP of ANA said that the airline is “excited to add Perth to our list of world-class destinations, and are happy to be collaborating with Tourism Western Australia, Perth Airport and Tourism Australia.”SEE: ANA’s spectacular A380 painting video“The city is celebrated worldwide as a tourist destination and economic hub, and we look forward to making it easier to travel between Tokyo and Perth.”Perth Airport chief executive Kevin Brown said that the new flight service “will deliver a windfall gain for tourism and the broader WA economy.”“More than 60 percent of the world’s population lives on our doorstep in Asia and Perth is closer than Brisbane, Melbourne, and Sydney to 17 of Asia’s top 20 most populated cities.”“That’s the enormous potential Western Australia needs to tap into and this new flight is the latest evidence we’re having an impact,” said Mr. Brown. Qantas withdrew from its three times weekly Boeing 767 service from Perth to Tokyo route in 2011.All Nippon Airways’s new daily Tokyo Narita – Perth service will depart Tokyo at 11.10am to arrive in Perth at 8.15pm.The return flight departs at 9.45pm, to arrive in Tokyo at 8.25am.All Nippon Airways will operate a Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner which has 184 seats made up of 32 business class flatbeds, 14 premium economy seats, and 138 economy class seats.
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Whether you see this as further exploitation of animal testing, or (as Transinsight says) an app that will “lead to a significant reduction of animal experiments”, it is an interesting use of semantic technologies(!).ConclusionHealth search engines are nothing new – indeed both Google and Microsoft have made important announcements in this domain over the past year. In October 2007 Microsoft unveiled HealthVault, a consumer health and search site. In February this year Google announced a pilot program of their health records application called Google Health. A week later, Microsoft acquired Medstory – a vertical search engine for health information. There is also a lot of interest among startups – see our report from the Health 2.0 Conference in March and another report from a healthcare panel at SXSW later that month. Also our network blog AltSearchEngines continuously covers health search engines.But I’m liking this latest trend for semantically-powered health search engines. If ever there was a compelling need for Semantic Apps to help users make sense of and organize data, it’s in health. CureHunter and Go3R are two apps to look out for. richard macmanus Tags:#Product Reviews#Real World#Semantic Web#web The following graphic (excerpted) illustrates CureHunter’s approach. Essentially it tries to analyse health research data and compute cures:Click here for full image, with extra detailCureHunter is pretty complex, but I did some tests for diabetes type 1 to see if I could find a “cure”. The results were overwhelming, in an ‘info overload’ kind of way: One of the big trends in 2008 has been the emergence of what I call Semantic Apps – a kind of ‘Web 2.0 Meets Semantic Web‘ app typified by startups like Twine, Hakia, Quintura, Powerset and others. Another growing trend is health 2.0, web-based health apps and services. What’s interesting is that those two trends are crossing over, with semantic health search engines beginning to make an impact.Two such apps to cross our desk lately were 1) CureHunter, which claims to be able to find cures for diseases using semantic technologies; and 2) Go3R, an app that claims to provide information transparency “for the prevention of animal testing”.Health is an area where Semantic technologies can be put to great use, due to the overwhelming amount of data in the healthcare industry and the fact that it’s largely inaccessible to the general public (despite most of it being our data). CureHunter – Can it Really Cure Diseases?CureHunter is an example of the new semantically-charged health search engines popping up. As the name suggests, it is a web service that aims to find cures for diseases. Judge Schonfeld is the CEO and Chief Scientist of CureHunter and he described it to us in an email as a “Medical Data Mining engine system that uses an intelligent semantic processor linked to a network graph theory module to read the scientific literature (entire NLM archive 1949-2008 >) and compute new cures for human diseases completely autonomously.” That’s a mouthful, but I’ve highlighted the key points: it uses semantic processing, network graphs and most interestingly claims to “compute new cures” automatically. It outlined some interesting “cures”, but much of the information was not something patients would understand. It seems like a great resource for doctors and physicians though. So to answer the question in the subheader, can CureHunter really cure diseases? Probably only if you’re a doctor or physician who knows how to interpret the wealth of data that CureHunter serves up.Go3R – Prevents or Amplifies Animal Testing?The idea of having a health database that includes animal testing results isn’t something most people would find very appealing. However Go3R, developed in four months by a company from Germany called Transinsight, claims to be a “knowledge-based search engine for alternative methods to animal experiments.” (emphasis ours) The site aims to enable scientists to “take advantage of the benefits of semantic searches for the area of alternative methods in accordance with the 3Rs principle [Replacement, Reduction and Refinement].” Transinsight is already known in the web 2.0 world for GoPubMed, a health search engine that AltSearchEngines has covered before.You could view Go3R in two ways. The first is the version Transinsight pushes in its press release: that this app makes it easier to find alternatives to animal testing. However the second point of view is that this is a big database that includes animal experiment results, and so it might be seen to amplify the practice of animal testing. For example I searched for “diabetes” and the number 2 result was a test on rats: Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts
HomeWeb DesignHow Frontend Developers Can Help To Bridge The Gap Between Designers And Developers (Image credits: Mordillo find them) (Large preview)Still, you may be thinking:“What if there simply is no noticeable system of font sizes and spacings in the design?”Well, good point! Experience has shown me that it can help to start a conversation with the designer(s) by asking for clarification rather than radically starting to change things on your own and creating unwanted surprises for the designer(s) later.Learn Basic Typographic And Design RulesAs Oliver Reichenstein states in one of his articles, 95% of the information on the web is written language. Therefore, typography plays a vital role not only in web design but also in development. Understanding basic terms and concepts of typography can help you communicate more effectively with designers, and will also make you more versatile as a developer. I recommend reading Oliver’s article as he elaborates the importance of typography on the web and explains terms such as micro- and macro-typography.In the “Reference Guide For Typography In Mobile Web Design”, Suzanne Scacca thoroughly covers typography terminology such as typeface, font, size, weight, kerning, leading and tracking as well as the role of typography in modern web design.If you would like to further expand your typographical horizon, Matthew Butterick’s book “Butterick’s Practical Typography” might be worth reading. It also provides a summary of key rules of typography.One thing I found particularly useful in responsive web design is that one should aim for an average line length (characters per line) of 45 to 90 characters since shorter lines are more comfortable to read than longer lines. Comparing different line lengths (Large preview)Should Developers Design?There has been a lot of discussion whether designers should learn to code, and you may be asking yourself the same question the other way around. I believe that one can hardly excel in both disciplines, and that’s totally fine.Rachel Andrew nicely outlines in her article “Working Together: How Designers And Developers Can Communicate To Create Better Projects” that in order to collaborate more effectively, we all need to learn something of the language, skills, and priorities of our teammates so that we can create a shared language and overlapping areas of expertise.One way to become more knowledgable in the field of design is an online course known as “Design for Developers” that is offered by Sarah Drasner in which she talks about basic layout principles and color theory — two fundamental areas in web design. “The more you learn outside of your own discipline, is actually better for you […] as a developer.” — Sarah DrasnerThe Visual CenterBy collaborating with designers, I learned the difference between the mathematical and visual center. When we want to draw the reader’s attention to a certain element, our eye’s natural focal point lies just slightly above the mathematical center of the page.We can apply this concept, for example, to position modals or any kinds of overlays. This technique helps us to naturally get the user’s attention and makes the design appear more balanced: (Image credits: Can’t Unsee) (Large preview)This nostalgically reminds me of a game we used to play a long time ago called “Find it”. You had to find discrepancies by comparing two seemingly similar images in order to score points. (Large preview)We’re All In This TogetherIn fast-paced and not-so-agile agency environments with tight deadlines, developers are often asked to implement fully functional responsive frontends based on a mobile and desktop mockup. This inevitably forces the developer to take design decisions throughout the process. Questions such as, “At what width will we decrease the font size of headlines?” or “When should we switch our three-column layout to a single column?” may arise.Also, in the heat of the moment, it may happen that details like error states, notifications, loading states, modals or styles of 404 pages simply fall through the cracks. In such situations, it’s easy to start finger-pointing and blaming the people who should have thought about this earlier on. Ideally, developers shouldn’t ever be put in such a situation, but what if that’s the case?When I listened to Ueno’s founder and CEO, Haraldur Thorleifsson, speak at a conference in San Francisco in 2018, he presented two of their core values:“Nothing here is someone else’s problem.”“We pick up the trash we didn’t put down.”What if more developers proactively start mocking-up the above-mentioned missing parts as good as they can in the first place, and then refine together with the designer sitting next to them? Websites live in the browser, so why not utilize it to build and refine?While winging missing or forgotten parts might not always be ideal, I’ve learned in my past experiences that it has always helped us to move forward faster and eliminate errors on the fly — as a team.Of course, this does not mean that designers should be overruled in the process. It means that developers should try to respectfully meet designers halfway by showing initiative in problem-solving. Besides that, I as a developer was valued way more by the team simply for caring and taking on responsibility.Building Trust Between Designers And DevelopersHaving a trustful and positive relationship between the creative and tech team can strongly increase productivity and outcome of work. So what can we, as developers, do to increase trust between the two disciplines? Here are a few suggestions:Show an eye for details.Building things exactly as they were designed will show the designers that you care and put a big smile on their faces.Communicate with respect.We’re all human beings in a professional environment striving for the best possible outcome. Showing respect for each other’s discipline should be the basis for all communication.Check in early on and regularly.Involving developers from the start can help to eliminate errors early on. Through frequent communication, team members can develop a shared language and better understanding of each other’s positions.Make yourself available.Having at least an optional 30-minute window a day when designers can discuss ideas with developers can give designers a feeling of being supported. This also gives developers the opportunity to explain complex technical things in words that not-so-technical people can understand better.The Result: A Win-Win SituationHaving to spend less time in QA through effective communication and a proper handover of designs gives both the creative and dev team more time to focus on building actual things and less headaches. It ultimately creates a better atmosphere and builds trust between designers and developers. The voice of frontend developers that show interest and knowledge in some design-related fields will be heard more in design meetings.Proactively contributing to finding a compromise between designers and developers and problem-solving as a developer can give you a broader sense of ownership and involvement with the whole project. Even in today’s booming creative industry, it’s not easy to find developers who — besides their technical skillset — care about and have an eye for visual details. This can be your opportunity to help bridge the gap in your team.Related Resources“How To Choose The Right Prototyping Tool,” Javier Cuello“A Reference Guide For Typography In Mobile Web Design,” Suzanne Scacca“Butterick’s Practical Typograhy,” Matthew Butterick“Working Together: How Designers And Developers Can Communicate To Create Better Projects,” Rachel Andrew“Design For Developers,” Sarah Drasner, Frontend Masters“Web Design is 95% Typography,” Oliver Reichenstein“Can’t Unsee,” A browser quiz to train your sense of recognizing visual details. (dm, yk, il)From our sponsors: How Frontend Developers Can Help To Bridge The Gap Between Designers And Developers How Frontend Developers Can Help To Bridge The Gap Between Designers And Developers How Frontend Developers Can Help To Bridge The Gap Between Designers And Developers Stefan Kaltenegger 2019-05-14T12:30:59+02:00 2019-05-14T12:34:08+00:00Within the last nine years, almost every designer I used to work with expressed their frustration to me about them frequently having to spend days giving feedback to developers to correct spacings, font sizes, visual as well as layout aspects that had simply not been implemented correctly. This often lead to weakening the trust between designers and developers, and caused unmotivated designers along with a bad atmosphere among the two disciplines.A lot of times developers still seem to have the bad reputation of being overly technical and ignorant when it comes to being considerate about details the design team came up with. According to an article by Andy Budd, “[…] a lot of developers are in the same position about design — they just don’t realize it.” In reality though (as Paul Boag points out), “developers [need to] make design decisions all the time.”In this article, I’ll provide practical points of advice for frontend developers to avoid frustration and increase productivity when working with their creative counterpart.Looking Through The Eyes Of A DesignerLet’s for one moment imagine you were a designer and spent the last weeks — if not months — to work out a design for a website. You and your teammates went through multiple internal revisions as well as client presentations, and put a solid effort into fine-tuning visual details such as white space, font styles, and sizes. (In a responsive era — for multiple screen sizes, of course.) The designs have been approved by the client and were handed off to the developers. You feel relieved and happy.A few weeks later, you receive an email from your developer that says:“Staging site is set up. Here’s the link. Can you please QA?”In a thrill of anticipation, you open that staging link and after scrolling through some of the pages, you notice that the site looks a little off. Spacings are not even close to what your design suggested and you notice some kinks in the layout: wrong font faces and colors as well as incorrect interactions and hover states. Your excitement starts to slowly fade and turn into a feeling of frustration. You can’t help but ask yourself, “How could that have happened?”The Search For ReasonsMaybe there were just a lot of unfortunate misunderstandings in the communication between the designers and developers. Nevertheless, you continue asking yourself:What did the the handover of designs look like? Were there just some PDFs, Photoshop or Sketch files shared via e-mail with some comments, or was there an actual handover meeting in which various aspects such as a possible design system, typography, responsive behavior, interactions and animations were discussed?Did interactive or motion prototypes that help to visualize certain interactions exist?Was a list of important aspects with defined levels of priority created?How many conversations took place — with both designers and developers in the same room together?Since communication and handover are two very important key points, let’s take a closer look at each.Communication Is KeyDesigners and developers, please talk to each other. Talk a lot. The earlier on in the project and the more often, the better. If possible, review design work in progress together early in the project (and regularly) in order to constantly evaluate feasibility and get cross-disciplinary input. Designers and developers naturally both focus on different aspects of the same part and therefore see things from different angles and perspectives.Checking in early on lets developers become familiarized with the project so they can start researching and planning ahead on technical terms and bring in their ideas on how to possibly optimize features. Having frequent check-ins also brings the team together on a personal and social level, and you learn how to approach each other to communicate effectively.The Handover From Design To DevelopmentUnless an organization follows a truly agile workflow, an initial handover of design comps and assets (from the design team to the developers) will likely happen at some point in a project. This handover — if done thoroughly — can be a solid foundation of knowledge and agreements between both sides. Therefore, it is essential not to rush through it and plan some extra time.Ask a lot of questions and talk through every requirement, page, component, feature, interaction, animation, anything — and take notes. If things are unclear, ask for clarification. For example, when working with external or contract-based teams, both designers and developers can sign off the notes taken as a document of mutual agreement for future reference.Flat and static design comps are good for showing graphical and layout aspects of a website but obviously lack the proper representation of interactions and animations. Asking for prototypes or working demos of complex animations will create a clearer vision of what needs to be built for everyone involved.Nowadays, there’s is a wide range of prototyping tools available that designers can utilize to mockup flows and interactions in different levels of fidelity. Javier Cuello explains how to choose the right prototyping tool for your project in one of his comprehensive articles.Every project is unique, and so are its requirements. Due to these requirements, not all conceptualized features can always be built. Often the available time and resources to build something can be a limiting factor. Furthermore, constraints can come from technical requirements such as feasibility, accessibility, performance, usability and cross-browser support, economic requirements like budget and license fees or personal constraints like the skill level and availability of developers.So, what if these constraints cause conflicts between designers and developers?Finding Compromises And Building Shared KnowledgeIn order to successfully ship a project on time and meet all defined requirements, finding compromises between the two disciplines is mostly inevitable. Developers need to learn to speak to designers in non-technical terms when they explain reasons why things need changes or can’t be built in a specific situation.Instead of just saying, “Sorry, we can’t build this,” developers should try to give an explanation that is understandable for designers and — in the best case — prepare suggestions for an alternative solution that works within the known constraints. Backing your point with statistics, research, or articles, can help to emphasize your argument. Also, if timing is an issue, maybe the implementation of some time-consuming parts can be moved to a later phase of the project?Even though it is not always possible, having designers and developers sit next to each other can shorten feedback loops and make it easier to work out a compromised solution. Adapting and prototyping can be done directly through coding and optimizing with DevTools open.Show your fellow designers how to use DevTools in a browser so that they can alter basic information and preview small changes in their browser (e.g. paddings, margins, font sizes, class names) on the fly.If the project and team structure allow it, building and prototyping in the browser as soon as possible can give everyone involved a better understanding of the responsive behavior and can help eliminate bugs and errors in the early stage of the project.The longer designers and developers work together, the better designers will understand what is easier and what is more difficult for the developers to build. Over time, they can eventually refer to solutions that have worked for both sides in the past:“We’ve used that solution to find a compromise in Project A. Can we use it for this project as well?”This also helps developers get a better sense of what details the designers are very specific about and what visual aspects are important to them.Designers Expect The Frontend To Look (And Function) Like Their DesignThe Design File Vs. Browser ComparisonA helpful technique to prevent designers from frustration is to make a simple left-right comparison between the design file you got handed over and what your current state of development looks like. This might sound trivial, but as a developer, you have to take care of so many things that need to function under the hood that you might have missed some visual details. If you see some noticeable discrepancies, simply correct them.Think of it this way: Every detail in your implementation that looks exactly as it was designed saves both you and the designer valuable time and headaches, and encourages trust. Not everyone might have the same level of attention to detail, but in order to train your eye to notice visual differences, a quick round of Can’t Unsee might be a good help. How Frontend Developers Can Help To Bridge The Gap Between Designers And DevelopersYou are here: Related postsInclusive Components: Book Reviews And Accessibility Resources13th December 2019Should Your Portfolio Site Be A PWA?12th December 2019Struggling To Get A Handle On Traffic Surges10th December 2019Building A CSS Layout: Live Stream With Rachel Andrew10th December 2019How To Design Profitable Sales Funnels On Mobile6th December 2019How To Build A Real-Time Multiplayer Virtual Reality Game (Part 2)5th December 2019 Posted on 14th May 2019Web Design FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share
By Matthew HutsonMay. 31, 2017 , 2:15 PM This new surgical procedure could lead to lifelike prosthetic limbs Biomechatronics Lab Medicine has progressed a lot since the Civil War, but amputations haven’t. Once a limb is sliced off, surgeons wrap muscle around the raw end, bury nerve endings, and often attach a fixed prosthesis that is nowhere near as agile as the flesh-and-blood original. Better robotic limbs are available, but engineers are still figuring out how to attach them to people and give users fine motor control. Now, a team of researchers and clinicians has developed a simple surgical technique that could lead to prosthetics that are almost as responsive as real limbs.“It’s a very clever model,” says Melanie Urbanchek, a muscle physiologist at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. “[It makes] use of what the body naturally has to offer.”The biggest barrier to lifelike limbs is that signals can no longer travel in an unbroken path from the brain to the limb and back. Scientists have developed several ways to bridge the gap. The simplest is to place electrodes on remaining muscle near the amputation site. For finer control, doctors can use severed nerves themselves to relay the signals, through electronic attachments. But when they aren’t rejected by nerve tissue, such attachments tend to receive weak signals. A stronger signal comes from attaching nerve endings to small muscle grafts that amplify the signal and relay it using electrodes. But even this method fails to take advantage of a simple biological solution for joint control: the pairing of agonistic and antagonistic muscles. When you contract your biceps to bend your elbow, for example, your triceps on the other side of the joint stretches, providing resistance and feedback. 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It respects “the fundamental motor unit in biology, two muscles acting in opposition,” says Hugh Herr, a biophysicist at MIT and co-developer of the method.Let’s say you lost your leg above the knee. Surgeons would take two small muscle grafts from somewhere in your body, each a few centimeters long, and suture them together end-to-end to form a linear pair. They would place the pair under the skin near the amputation site. Then they’d suture the two ends to the tissue under the skin, so that when one half of the muscle graft contracts, the other stretches. Finally, they’d connect severed nerve endings to the graft and allow the nerves to grow into it.Once the graft is healthy and connected, the researchers would use electrodes to connect each muscle to a smart prosthetic leg. The severed nerves that would normally tell the ankle to extend, for example, would instead go to one of the grafted muscles, which would contract, sending a signal to the robotic ankle to extend. As the grafted muscle contracts, its mirror opposite would stretch, sending a signal back to the brain. The grafts would receive additional electrical feedback from the smart prosthesis, indicating the ankle joint’s position and force, allowing for finer adjustments. Additional grafts could be added to control other joints in the prosthesis.The new technique, called an agonist-antagonist myoneural interface, was tested in rodents. The MIT team operated on seven rats, severing muscles and nerves in the back right leg of each. Researchers then grafted on a pair of muscles about 3 centimeters long, connected severed nerves, and let the rats heal for 4 months. When electrodes were attached, the grafted muscles worked in tandem, one contracting and the other stretching. They also emitted electrical signals in proportion to the stimulation. That response suggests that the technique could allow for fine-grained control of a human prosthetic, the researchers report today in Science Robotics. What’s more, inspection under a microscope showed that the grafts healed well and were populated with new nerves and blood vessels and healthy neuromuscular junctions.“This is fairly low-risk. It’s minor surgery,” says Rickard Branemark, an orthopedic surgeon and prosthetics researcher at the University of California, San Francisco. Even without adding a prosthesis, growing severed nerves into muscle grafts could prevent painful neuromas, or abnormal nerve growth. With the new method and a smart prosthesis, “there’s every expectation that the human will feel position, will feel speed, will feel force in the same way that they once felt when they had a limb,” says Herr, who lost his own legs below the knees to frostbite while ice climbing, and is in line to get the procedure. He says they’ll have results from human trials within the next 2 years. Smart prosthetics such as the one in this rendering could be more responsive after the new surgical technique.