The survey, conducted in November and December by the Centre for International and Comparative Politics at the University of Stellenbosch and market research company Markinor, involved 3 000 face-to-face interviews of people across the country, conducted in six of SA’s 11 official languages.The lead researcher for World Values Survey SA, Dr Hennie Kotze, attributed the results to the positive socio-economic trends South Africa had experienced over the last five years.The survey also found that South Africans’ confidence in state institutions had increased by 11% over the previous survey – although around 40% of respondents said the government was doing “very badly” when it came to handling crime.Political system, democracyThe survey also focused on the system governing the country. People were asked to rate the political system as it was under apartheid, the current political system, and the political system expected in the future on a 10-point scale, with 1 being “very bad” and 10 being “very good”. While black South Africans were the most positive about the current and future political systems, white, coloured and Indian South Africans were more positive than negative, with an average of more than 5 out of 10.The survey also showed that South Africans regard democracy as very important: on average, the survey respondents gave democracy a score of 8.7 out of 10 for importance. When asked to what extent South Africa was a democracy today, the respondents answered on average 7.4 out of 10.SouthAfrica.info reporter
The Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) is a protocol that allows authentication and authorization between security domains. One domain acts as an identity provider and the other as the consumer. Transaction packets are represented in XML. The SAML specification was developed by the OASIS Security Services Technical Committee.SAML has been applied to solving the problem of Single Sign-On (SSO) among multiple application sessions running in the same user environment. The problem of single sign-on is a tricky one, and solutions, most of which are non-compatible and proprietary, are usually designed to work only within a specific intranet. And those solutions typically break down or just don’t work well when applied across applications running on the web. This is exactly the problem that SAML addresses, and it has become accepted as one of the best tools for addressing enterprise identity management problems.Like many web services specification, SAML has been out there for some time but it has taken the back seat while people needed to first just to get comfortable with the basics of web services. That’s happened and now people are looking deeper in the technology. SAML and indentity management in general are now beginning to get a lot of attention now.Google Apps is an example of an application that uses SAML to achieve single sign-on. In an example provided by eWeek, access to Google Apps was controlled by user identities stored in a Microsoft Active Directory. The SAML/Active Directory integration was accomplished using Sxip identity software. When a user would attempt to log into Google Apps, Google was configured to generate a SAML request that redirected the user to a custom SSO login URL that could perform authentication and then send back a SAML response that is passed onto Google. If the user-entered credentials were correct, the user would then be granted access to Google Apps.An advantage of this approach is that user identities can be centrally managed, eliminating the need to be able to add, delete and maintain users within the Google Apps administrator module.SAML identity providers include the Central Authentication Service developed by Yale University.
Related postsLytics now integrates with Google Marketing Platform to enable customer data-informed campaigns14th December 2019The California Consumer Privacy Act goes live in a few short weeks — Are you ready?14th December 2019ML 2019121313th December 2019Global email benchmark report finds email isn’t dead – it’s essential13th December 20192019 benchmark report: brand vs. non-brand traffic in Google Shopping12th December 2019Keep your LinkedIn advertising strategy focused in 202012th December 2019 Marketing Day: Chatbots, content production models & Microsoft’s earnings reportYou are here: Posted on 22nd July 2017Digital Marketing FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share HomeDigital MarketingMarketing Day: Chatbots, content production models & Microsoft’s earnings report Here’s our recap of what happened in online marketing today, as reported on Marketing Land and other places across the web.From Marketing Land:Building an Amazon Alexa Skill is so easy, Grandma can do itJul 21, 2017 by Paul ShapiroHow can you tap into the power of Amazon’s Alexa? Contributor Paul Shapiro walks you through the different types of Alexa Skills you can create and explains how to easily set up a Flash Briefing Skill.The name is Bot, Chatbot: How to shake up conversions with stirring conversationsJul 21, 2017 by Purna VirjiColumnist Purna Virji explains why an AI-driven conversation agent can potentially be the best sales assistant you have, and provides advice for how to plan and implement your own chatbot.Comparing content production models: Which is right for your business?Jul 21, 2017 by Rachel LindteigenColumnist Rachel Lindteigen discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the hub-and-spoke model and the skyscraper technique to help you determine which is the best fit for your organization.Survey results: Here’s what 376 marketers say is working in online marketingJul 21, 2017 by Jayson DeMersWondering about the current state of the industry? Columnist Jayson DeMers shares highlights and stats from a recent survey of digital marketers.The impact of intermediaries: How brands can close the gap between themselves and consumersJul 21, 2017 by Davor SutijaAs millennials and Gen Z shoppers shape the future of retail, contributor Davor Sutija explains why brands need to embrace technologies that will help them keep pace and bridge the digital gap.Cloud-computing growth drives Microsoft quarterly earnings beatJul 21, 2017 by Greg SterlingCommercial Cloud revenue run-rate was just under $19B, almost $2B in phone-related losses helped, too.Here’s what performance advertisers are saying about Quora’s new ad platformJul 21, 2017 by Ginny MarvinWhether they’ve been on the platform for one month or seven, advertiser feedback is strikingly similar: We like the performance — when can we scale?Online Marketing News From Around The Web:AnalyticsChannel Signal C.E.O. on Product Review Analytics, Practical EcommerceContent MarketingContent Marketers: Ditch the Clickbait and Focus on User Needs, CMS WireHow to Create Top-of-Funnel Content That Works, Vertical MeasuresThe Content Marketer’s Guide to Story Structure, Content Marketing InstituteE-CommerceAmazon Review “How To”: Easy Steps for Getting More Customer Reviews, Marketing Words BlogDoes Amazon Compete With Its Own Merchants?, MarketingProfsHow Microservices Can Transform Omnichannel Retail and Unlock Growth, MarTech AdvisorEmail MarketingThe Psychology of Subject Lines: Using Science to Optimize Clicks, Social Media ExplorerGeneral Internet Marketing8 Influencer Strategies for Retail Brands to Boost Sales, Simply MeasuredA Few Good Reasons To Confront Digital Advertising’s Essential Truths, AdExchangerPixability’s CEO Shares New Cause-Related Marketing Research: Why Brands Shouldn’t Be Afraid to Take a Stand, The Official Google BlogInternet Marketing IndustryThree New Tools from AWeber to Help You Write Better Marketing Emails for Your Business, Globe NewswirecomScore Ranks the Top 50 U.S. Digital Media Properties for June 2017, PR NewswireTUNE Announces New Fraud Prevention Solution, Empowers Marketers and Ad Partners to Fight Fraud, PR NewswireMarTech3 Vendor-Created Barriers to AI Adoption, CMS WireTop Webapps & Tools That All Bloggers Should Learn To Use, The Blog HeraldWhat Are the Best Distribution Tools for Content Today?, CopyPressedMobile/Local MarketingeMarketer Releases Latest Estimates for Worldwide Messaging App Usage, eMarketerSocial MediaAre You Effectively Filling Your Funnel with Social?, SocialbakersFacebook Wants To Prove Its Value In Mixed Media Campaign, AdExchangerNew Feature Breakdown: LinkedIn’s Matched Audiences Targeting, 3Q DigitalVideo11 Cost-Effective Live Video Marketing Ideas, CMS WireHow to Create a Facebook Live Show, Social Media ExaminerThe top Facebook video trends of summer, NewsWhipFrom our sponsors: Marketing Day: Chatbots, content production models & Microsoft’s earnings report
Officials say that tapping aquifers under the Table Mountain group could provide 40 million liters of potable water per day—less than a tenth of the current, restricted demand. In November 2017, the city began sinking test boreholes in the mountains, and it plans to drill dozens more.But ecologists warn that depleting the aquifers would threaten the unique biodiversity of the Cape Floral Region, a UNESCO World Heritage site. “You can literally wipe out a species by developing an area not bigger than a tennis court,” says Adam West, an ecologist at the University of Cape Town.In an 8 February letter to local authorities, West and four colleagues argued that the drilling would mar the heritage site, and lowering the water table would harm dozens of wetland species. One sensitive area where test boreholes have been drilled is Wemmershoek Valley, the only known home of Erica bakeri, a shrublike plant with delicate pink flowers. Efforts to cultivate this plant elsewhere have failed, says Ismail Ebrahim, a botanist with the South African National Biodiversity Institute here. “There is nowhere for it to go,” he says. West says clearing thirsty alien vegetation such as pine and black wattle from dam catchment areas could save more water than the city plans to pump out of the aquifer.Western Cape province is “aware of the concerns,” a spokesperson says, and authorities have “engaged with the relevant role players to find mechanisms to identify sites and methods that reduce the in situ impacts on the receiving environment.” But there is no indication that Cape Town authorities have revised the drilling plan, and they had not responded to a request for comment by the time ScienceInsider posted this story. “It seems like they are ducking and diving,” West says. hpbfotos/Alamy Stock Photo CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA—In the mountains east of here there are plants so rare they are only found in an area the size of a soccer field. Some could be extinct in a matter of months, ecologists warn, if city officials proceed with plans to drill into aquifers to help ease a looming water crisis.Cape Town, South Africa’s second most populous city, is battling its worst drought in decades. Reservoir levels were retreating so sharply during summer in the Southern Hemisphere that officials had warned that the city’s water supply would be shut off on “Day Zero” in April, forcing most of the city’s 4 million inhabitants to queue for rationed potable water. Day Zero has since been put off to July, and if the winter rains come as usual, Cape Town may not have to turn off the taps this year.Even if Cape Town dodges that bullet, water shortages are anticipated to continue. The city’s plans to source more water include desalinization plants due to come online later this year, wastewater recycling, and drilling into aquifers beneath the city and surrounding mountains. These aquifers already provide water for farmers and private individuals, but the municipality has not drilled into them on a grand scale—until now. Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*) A plan to drill into aquifers in the mountains near Cape Town, South Africa, to address the city’s water crisis could harm the region’s rich biodiversity, ecologists say. By Linda NordlingFeb. 26, 2018 , 2:00 PM Ecologists up in arms over Cape Town’s plans to ease water crisis by drilling into aquifer
New Delhi: The trial in the Unnao cases began on Monday at Tis Hazari court here, where the accused MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar and his co-accused Shashi Singh were produced before judge Dharmesh Sharma.While both the accused were to be produced in court at 12:30 pm, some delays resulted in them appearing before the court at 2:00 pm, when the hearing commenced. The court complex in central Delhi was crowded with advocates and reporters, scrambling to get inside the courtroom. Hearing the case, the court ordered that both Sengar and Singh be shifted to Tihar Jail in Delhi. Judge Sharma has set the next date of hearing for Wednesday (August 7).Both of them were brought in from Sitapur jail in Uttar Pradesh on a production warrant issued by the trial court here last week. The court had also asked other accused in the cases to appear before it on Tuesday. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’Moreover, the Unnao rape victim and her lawyer, who were being treated at Lucknow’s KGMU Hospital were airlifted to AIIMS here on Monday night, after the teenager’s mother approached a Supreme Court bench to make the move. The rape victim’s ambulance was provided a green corridor by Delhi Police, which allowed the ambulance to reach AIIMS in 18 minutes. The victim’s ambulance left T-1 of the Delhi airport at 9 pm to reach the hospital at 9:18 pm. Also Read – Farooq demands unconditional release of all detainees in J&KLast week, Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi had ordered that the airlift be provided if the family wanted it. But the rape victim’s family had initially requested the treatment to continue in Lucknow. The Central Bureau of Investigation has already filed a chargesheet against Sengar and Singh for the rape of the teenager and another chargehseet against the expelled BJP leader’s brother, Atul Sengar for the murder of the Unnao rape victim’s father, who was killed in custody of UP Police. Out of the total five cases related to the Unnao rape, four have been shifted to the Capital, to be tried in the court of the principal sessions judge. These four cases relate to the alleged rape of the then minor victim; the arms act case registered against her father; the subsequent custodial death of the rape victim’s father; and the case of gangrape of the victim. These cases were moved to a Delhi court by the Supreme Court of India last week after it took suo moto cognizance of the Unnao rape victim’s accident, which is the fifth Unnao related case being probed by the CBI. The Apex court had also directed the central probe agency to complete its investigation and file a chargesheet in the accident case by August 14. Meanwhile, the special CBI team constituted to complete the probe speedily has taken custody of the driver and cleaner of the truck that hit the Unnao rape victim’s car on last Sunday. Sources said that CBI officials are questioning both of them. They added that the six-member CBI, CFSL team has also been able to gather a lot of forensic evidence relating to the accident. A car in which the Unnao rape survivor, her family, and lawyer were travelling was hit by an over-speeding truck in Raebareli on Sunday, killing two members, leaving her and the advocate critically injured. The truck’s number plates were blackened. The probe team also questioned Sengar in Sitapur jail, collected visitor logs, and spoke to jail officials in connection with the case.